The Egyptian cotton is distinguished by its super softness and long-staple. It is used in high-quality textiles. The majority of the cotton crop is exported to all parts of the world, but a small percentage of it is used in local manufacturing, as the export returns more than it is manufactured.
One of the problems facing the cultivation of Egyptian cotton is that the quality of this long-staple cotton is gradually being replaced by other less-quality types, in addition to the weak capabilities that are used in the manufacture of textiles from Egyptian cotton.
The date of cotton cultivation in Egypt
The cotton cultivation time in Egypt depends on the soil temperature at 15 degrees for a period of ten consecutive days, also at a depth of 20 cm at eight in the morning, as the cultivation in time leads to: -
- Low-level first node.
- Increase the number of blooming almonds large and increase the number of flowers.
- Quality and increase in rank of the crop.
- Escape and reduce pest infestation, especially piercing insects and almond worms.
- Preserving the unique staple characteristics.
- One of the most important elements of integrated control is timely cultivation.
- Also, the date varies depending on the texture of the soil, as it is in the old lands during the month of March when the appropriate weather conditions are available.
- In light and sandy lands, it can be until mid-April, due to the quality of ventilation and good service for these lands.
Cotton cultivation problems in Egypt
There are some of the problems of cotton cultivation in Egypt:-
The abolition of marketing rings and the collection of the cotton crop from the peasants, through cooperative societies, agricultural credit and development banks.
- All this caused the farmer to fall prey to companies.
- Al-Falah's inability to market cotton and the crop he has accumulated has resulted in the farmer being reluctant to grow cotton.
- Among the problems is also the amendment to the investment law, which relates to the establishment of real estate companies for gins, most of which have been eliminated by selling, as a result of the fact that they are located in privileged places, in addition to the state's interest in the investor and its support more than the farmer's support, this is the farmers' reluctance to agriculture as well.
- The farmer was exposed to the neglect of the state, in light of the high costs of agriculture, including fertilizers and pesticides, and this matter has affected the farmer greatly.
- The seeds are now multiplied and expensive, unlike an old one who used to grow cotton.
- After the harvest, it is handed over to the government in the associations.
- Now the situation has become the opposite, and thus the farmer has been reluctant to grow cotton. These are some of the problems of cotton cultivation in Egypt.